Agriculture Tools and Resources

EM

EM: Effective Micro-organisms

Read more about EM or buy online at www.lindross.co.za

The way we use of EM explained and other methods demonstrated HERE

Read more
  1. Multiplying EM Stock
  2. Making EM Bokhasi from Animal Bran
  3. Building a Compost Heap with EM Bokhasi
  4. Changing the Soil
  5. Organic Products:

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Multiplying Em & EM Bokhasi with Bran

How to make and use the different EM products and how we are combining it with other farming and gardening methods

MULITPLYING EM STOCK

1) EM Products from Lindros: Bokhasi 1kg; Molasses 1lt; Stock EM 1lt 2) WONDER BOX: can be used for cooking, make yogurt or extend EM. Make a cube from boxes. We use 3 boxes to make 48cm cube The third box is used to make a lid the slip 10cm over the top.
3) Wonderbox Pillows: Make 2 pillows that are filled with shredded paper or other isolation products: You need 2 pillows so you cut 8 pieces and sow together on lefts and right sides.The first pillow at the bottom of the Wonderbox The 2 pillows in the box
 
The Top make out of the 3rd box The lid having a nice tight fit for isolation
It is Important to multiply you EM stock. Using the stock 3% molasses 5% and Water at about 26 degrees I used 2 2lt bottles: each with 60ml EM, 100ml Molasses and then water at the right temp. The big bottle is made slightly warmer Cover the bottles with top pillow
  Fill with newspaper if there are still space on top of the pillows Cover tightly: warm water bottle every morning and evening again (microwave for 2min30s, let out the gas) temp warmish about 26 degrees. Should finish in 3 days.

Making EM Bokhasi from Animal Bran

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Chop / Maize Bran (used as food for animals Bran in the bag - or use bran that you baking rusks with Black Strap Molasses - from vee-op
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Container with lit - mixing bowl, Molasses mixed in water, EM, and measuring cup Measuring bran in volume and mix the Molasses, EM and water into bran It might look quite dry but it will be very moist after 2 weeks
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Press down the bran to get the air out - the fermentation is a anaerobic process Place a black plastic bag over the pressed down bran to seal off the air You can weight the black plastic down with something and close container
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Recipe for Bokhasi:

  • 1% EM, 1% Molasses
  • 30% Water
  • 125-150% bran

Or Measurements for 30lt Bran

  • 240ml-200ml EM, 240ml-200ml Molasses
  • 7.2-6lt Water
  • 30lt Bran
Keep in container for 4-8weeks. It will keep for 6 months
Seal the whole container into a black garbage bag. Seal Bag

USES: mix into compost heap for quick and Micro organism Rich compost.

Use in a bucket to ferment kitchen left over that can be used in the garden

Compost Heap with EM Bokhasi - August 2015

Building a compost heap: layer of horse manure, a layer of straw - I used a bale of lusern, and green stuff - The horses and their manure Baled Lusern
: Lawn cutting: Other green stuff: black oats - green fertilizer- seeds from livingseeds Water with a sprinkler
     
     
EM Bokhasi - Use 5 tins full mixing and watering Cover the heap - specially for rain and cold weather.
     
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Turn heaps every day for about a week - and till the heat will come down. Heat kills the weed seeds. SOIL building: The compost is best if dug in months before you use the soil or the soil keeps back the N nitrogen for the compost breakdown and the plants cannot get to it Fixing the Nitrogen problem with raw compost by using improving them with EM and cooling it down before you use it as Mulch. Mulch every month for it is broken down in a month to compost for the plant.
     
Improve manure for 2 weeks with EM before you use it. Lots of bone meal for Calcium - very important for every plant needs it - use your egg shells by saving it and crushing it. It helps with earthworm population Talborne organic Fertilizer: is developed for different needs of plants and vegetables.
     

SOIL RESCUE:

NO-TILL and EM: Effective Micro-organisms the first year after hand tilling

Read more about EM or buy online at www.lindross.co.za

Read more
  1. A vegetable Patch with a Challenge
  2. Grow soil
  3. Humus
  4. Aerate
  5. Organic fertilizers
  6. Micro Organisms
  7. Soil builders
  8. Mulching
  9. Nitrogen Lock-in
  10. Organic Pesticides

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No-till the first year is not very productive. Trying to turn over a bed had too many weeds and trying to plant in it the no-till and Foundations for Farming way seems like a nightmare. The greatest need is to receive a plan and do it faithfully, explain it clearly and deal with the problems constantly

A Vegetable Patch with a Challenge

1) Improving the condition of the soil includes dealing with weed seeds and pests in the soil and creating conditions in which the soil can become fertile. Bokhasi and EM: sprinkling the Bokhasi on the leave mulch 3) Use the EM compost: manure, dry stuff and dry green stuff. 6) Add in Trace Element to the EM: 1%
4) Lusern in the compost is a jumbo fertilizer 5) Adding the EM 3% Molasses 3% to mix to mulch 6) We are always working on water installation, protection from birds / insects.

Grow soil before you grow food

Many things we have learned in our first year. It is very difficult to have excellent results with soil that dried out and were never enriched for months or seasons. Moisture help the population of organism and also as earthworm population. The first year you have to dig thoroughly the tough weeds and compacted soil. The soil must have life.

FIRST: HUMUS AND COMPOST ARE NOT THE SAME: So the first need in soil is living organism - they need food and moisture and protection from extremes that will kill them - drought and cold or heat - they need a cover or mulch or green fertilizers or plants

Compost soil - loose texture moist and alive. Organism and little roots everywhere Leaves and grass - even though they receive water often they do not change or very slowly. In a month they are mostly the same Old compost heap of many season but that received no moisture. Good for 1/3 sifted compost for seed trays and for adding to any bed were organisms can use it to change the soil over time. .

So soil needs to be alive!

SECOND: SOIL NEEDS TO BE AERATED - tilled - dug - turned, depending on the state of the soil. Specially the first year. After that the soil becomes much loser: Success story of the carrots that just did not want to grow but as a second crop grew brilliantly

The Soil was not dig over enough the first year. Only spot digging. The carrots took a long time to mature and had too much leaves because of the compost. Wonderful sweet carrots were harvested the second winter with No problems. The soil had started to grow

Third: ORGANIC FERTILIZER: When planting and good slow release fertilizer, compost and calcium (bone meal - I add grinded eggshells because the earthworms love those. Add another dose of fertilizer after 3 months.

Fourth: ADDING MICRO ORGANISMS Good feeding program for the plants and for the organisms. Every week add a tea as a foliar feed, such as worm tea or compost tea. Every second week together with the tea add a foliar feed for the plant. Once a month sprinkle a little 3-part compost over the bed - that contains organism (compost made from bokhasi) and manure.

Five: Soil builder products that combines many different sand and minerals as well as great variety of composted matter are very good for soil that needs immediate attention. Specially were soil get watered a lot. Minerals, texture and food are three different aspects to look at.

Six: MULCHING - mulching between crops and when plants are growing is a good way of keep the soil happy - the organism thrives in these conditions. The soil is kept moist instead of exposed to drying out or heat etc. Try growing green manure - crops that can be cut off and or dug back into the soil immediately before they produce seeds.

Seven: NITROGEN LOCK-IN SOIL - this happens when you need to add compost because there is too little humus in the soil. For the breakdown of the compost by organisms you need Nitrogen, but when you plan directly on the compost - the plants grow initially very well but then the extra Nitrogen is no longer available to the plant. The process takes about 3months. You need to fix the nitrogen in the soil by adding it. A good way is make a tea from kraalmis / horse manure. Fill a big drum (rubbish bin) with water and add a 1/4 of a big bag manure (agriculture bag) to the water and soak at least for 24hours. You can use the manure for a mulch on bed which has tremendous benefits. Do this once a week. When you have done everything to help the plant and they are just not luscious this might be the problem.

Eight: ORGANIC PESTICIDES - pesticides from plant material that can be used even till day of harvest adds no poison to the soil that is harmful to the health of Micro Organisms

If there is no where to go because soil is so pure then go "on top" - try adding all the good stuff by raising the sides of the bed. The organisms living in the soil will be drawn to this feeding area and help to make the soil fertile.

Food Security and Supply to the Needy -

Opportunity to teach Vegetable Gardening Principles, Provide Seedlings to the Needy and Elderly and to Share Produce with the Needy

Another way to impact the needy is by selling seedling to the community and using that money to supply for the needs of the needy.

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Organic Products:

Research, community Support and Providing for needy:

LivingSeedsGood seeds: "Living Seeds"

Living Seeds produces seeds that are heritage seed are are available on there web site. Good fresh seeds are an absolute must. Wonderful innovative Christian Business and a pleasure to choose and buy from on the web site.




EM

EM: Effective Micro-organisms

Read more about EM or buy online at www.lindross.co.za

EFFECTIVE MICRO-ORGANISMS: The way we use of EM explained and other methods demonstrated HERE. A Must to Rescue and improve the SOIL: Soil preparation 6weeks before planting - with a much and trace elements HERE

 

Garden Planner Jane's Delicious Garden Planner

This is an awesome help with a small or big garden for it helps with the layout without any effort - the plants are already worked out according to their planting space and colour coded for their specific needs. You have a month free use to play around with the planner



Planner use

There are planting guides for each type of plant and email reminders of what you are to do this month. It is worked out for the northern or southern Hemispheres.

The colour codes are very good for next's years rotation planting and to know the vegetable families.

 

 

 

Helpful Video Links:

Last Update 2018